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Table 3 Two-way PERMANOVA model and pair-wise tests based on Bray–Curtis and Jaccard matrices within habitats among seasons and year (Year and Season interaction; Yr x Se)

From: Composition, uniqueness and connectivity across tropical coastal lagoon habitats in the Red Sea

Source Df MS Pseudo-F P(perm) MS Pseudo-F P(perm)
   Bray–Curtis    Jaccard   
M1
 Yr 1 14,075 6.5403 0.001 12,833 4.884 0.001
 Se 1 7999.3 3.7171 0.001 7602.5 2.8934 0.001
 Yr x Se 1 3967.2 1.8434 0.025 4439.2 1.6895 0.012
 Res 12 2152    2627.6   
M2
 Yr 1 8802.9 2.4787 0.007 6405 1.6328 0.041
 Se 1 3050.7 0.85902 0.608 4207.3 1.0726 0.36
 Yr x Se 1 3968.6 1.1175 0.362 2779.8 0.70866 0.859
 Res 12 3551.4    3922.6   
S1
 Yr 1 6362.4 2.71 0.002 5844.2 1.9678 0.002
 Se 1 3610.6 1.5379 0.086 5086.2 1.7125 0.009
 Yr x Se 1 4735.3 2.0169 0.008 4624.4 1.5571 0.026
 Res 12 2347.8    2970   
S2
 Yr 1 5513.2 1.7404 0.038 4583.2 1.3682 0.089
 Se 1 3369.6 1.0637 0.376 4300.4 1.2838 0.149
 Yr x Se 1 3296.2 1.0405 0.36 4002.9 1.195 0.196
 Res 12 3167.9    3349.8   
 Unv.
 Yr 1 7397.4 2.7142 0.001 5802.3 1.831 0.003
 Se 1 8791.8 3.2258 0.001 8686.2 2.7411 0.001
 Yr x Se 1 4248.6 1.5589 0.039 4144 1.3077 0.129
 Res 12 2725.5    3168.9   
Pair-wise tests
 Term ‘Yr x Se’ for pairs of levels of factor ‘Year’        
 Within level ‘Su’ of factor ‘Season’        
M1   Groups t P(perm)   t P(perm)
   2014, 2015 2.2928 0.026   2.0907 0.024
Within level ‘W’ of factor ‘Season’        
M1   2014, 2015 1.7421 0.028   1.5051 0.038
S1   2014, 2015 2.0553 0.023   1.5675 0.022
Term ‘Yr x Se’ for pairs of levels of factor ‘Season’        
Within level ‘2014′ of factor ‘Year’        
M1   Su, W 2.1788 0.03   1.9213 0.029
S1   Su, W 1.2833 0.031   1.4205 0.037
Within level ‘2015’ of factor ‘Year’        
S1   Su, W 1.3824 0.029    
  1. M1 and M2, mangrove; S1 and S2, seagrass; and unvegetated area (Unv)