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Table 2 Conditional probabilities of fox sightings for all land use classes with a negative association with fox sightings with \(P\left( {{\text{E}}|{\text{B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\) < 0.27

From: Fox sightings in a city are related to certain land use classes and sociodemographics: results from a citizen science project

Land use class \(P\left( {E \cap B_{j} } \right)\) \(P\left( {B_{j} } \right)\) \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\)
Sport facility 0.005 0.018 0.264
Mixed green areas 0.005 0.017 0.263
Swimming facility 0.001 0.004 0.261
Pavement café 0.000 0.000 0.255
Fountain 0.000 0.000 0.248
Littoral zone 0.002 0.008 0.248
Scrubs and meadows 0.001 0.005 0.245
Parking space, camping area 0.002 0.008 0.24
Cemetery 0.004 0.015 0.237
Nursery garden 0.000 0.0001 0.237
Standing waterbody 0.004 0.018 0.231
Derelict green space 0.001 0.002 0.228
Front garden 0.001 0.004 0.221
Railway property, rail track 0.005 0.024 0.22
Meadow, shrubs, young stands 0.007 0.03 0.217
Play ground, sport facility 0.001 0.003 0.215
Relay station 0.003 0.013 0.212
Fruit orchard 0.0001 0.0007 0.205
Forest 0.021 0.112 0.189
Industrial area 0.013 0.074 0.178
Fallow land 0.0008 0.005 0.174
Agricultural business and nursery 0.004 0.023 0.169
Non sealed area 0.0001 0.0005 0.142
Unploughed strip 0.0002 0.001 0.136
Stream 0.003 0.02 0.126
Quarry 0.0002 0.001 0.12
Empty lot 0.0001 0.001 0.118
Fields 0.008 0.108 0.077
Windbreak 0.000 0.001 0.016
Noise barrier 0.000 0.0003 0.006
Small yard, green dominated 0.000 0.000 < 0.001
Plant pot 0.000 0.000 < 0.001
  1. Land use classes in descending order of \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\); the lower \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\), the lower the probability of a fox sighting. \(P\left( {E \cap B_{j} } \right)\) is the relative frequency of fox sightings in land use class \(B_{j}\), \(P\left( {B_{j} } \right)\) is its share in the study area