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Table 3 Seasonal effects of PUUV infection status, sex and their interaction (not in c) on the survival of bank voles

From: Puumala hantavirus infections in bank vole populations: host and virus dynamics in Central Europe

(a) Spring
Parameter Estimate (SE) z p
Intercept −2.35 (0.45) −5.21 <0.001
PUUV infections status ‘positive’ 0.91 (0.45) 2.01 0.044
Sex ‘male’ 0.42 (0.51) 0.82 0.414
PUUV infections status ‘positive’:sex ‘male’ −1.01 (0.63) −1.59 0.112
Random factor Variance (SD)   
SA: plot 0.32 (0.56)   
Number of observations = 367, degrees of freedom = 5    
(b) Summer
Parameter Estimate (SE) z p
Intercept −1.82 (0.30) −6.04 <0.001
PUUV infections status ‘positive’ 0.03 (0.34) 0.09 0.930
Sex ‘male’ −0.19 (0.29) −0.67 0.502
PUUV infections status ‘positive’:sex ‘male’ −1.35 (0.65) −2.07 0.038
Random factor Variance (SD)   
SA: plot 0.25 (0.50)   
Number of observations = 599, degrees of freedom = 5    
(c) Autumn
Parameter Estimate (SE) z p
Intercept −2.86 (0.37) −7.75 <0.001
PUUV infections status ‘positive’ −1.07 (0.76) −1.41 0.160
Sex ‘male’ 0.87 (0.47) 1.87 0.062
Random factor Variance (SD) z p
SA: plot 0.00 (0.00)   
Number of observations = 297, degrees of freedom = 4    
  1. Parameter coefficients of generalized linear mixed models (GLMM) with binomial distribution
  2. Italic values indicate significance of p value (p < 0.05)