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Table 3 Multivariate ANOVA of behavioural data from two behavioural tests with 492 common voles ( Microtus arvalis ) pertaining to season of capture and sex of the animal

From: Seasonal variation in the behaviour of a short-lived rodent

Multivariate test      
Effect Wilks-Lambda F Hypoth. df Error df Sig.
Constant term .038 2943.8 4 471 .000
Sex .950 6.2 4 471 .000
Season .700 15.0 12.0 1246.4 .000
Between subjects tests     
Effect Source df MS F Sig.
Constant term Barrier latency 1 260.5 851.8 .000
  Barrier activity level 1 1853.9 302.5 .000
  Open-field latency 1 525.7 3918.0 .000
  Open-field activity level 1 3023.5 4697.0 .000
Sex Barrier latency 1 0.6 2.0 .157
  Barrier activity level 1 10.7 1.7 .187
  Open-field latency 1 0.2 1.5 .218
  Open-field activity level 1 10.1 15.7 .000
Season Barrier latency 3 2.4 7.9 .000
  Barrier activity level 3 22.2 3.6 .013
  Open-field latency 3 7.1 52.9 .000
  Open-field activity level 3 2.8 4.4 .005
Error Barrier latency 474 0.3   
  Barrier activity level 474 6.1   
  Open-field latency 474 0.1   
  Open-field activity level 474 0.6