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Table 2 Environmental predictors and data sources for species distribution modelling

From: Plant and animal endemism in the eastern Andean slope: challenges to conservation

Variable Data Source
Mean annual temperature, mean temperature diurnal range, isothermality, precipitation of wettest and driest month, precipitation seasonality Worldclim, (Hijmans et al. 2005., 1-km resolution
Topography: Elevation Shuttle Radar Topography Mission digital elevation data provided by CGIAR ( resampled to 1-km resolution
Slope Degree of slope (maximum rate of change in elevation from each pixel to its 8 neighbors) derived from the SRTM digital elevation data
Topographic exposure Expresses the relative position of each pixel on a hillslope (e.g. ridge, valley, toe slope). Using methods of Zimmermann (2000) on the SRTM digital elevation data with three neighborhood windows of 3x3, 6x6 and 9x9
Percent tree cover MODIS global vegetation continuous fields sourced from (Hansen et al. 2003) 1-km resolution, and summarized within 3- and 5- km moving windows
Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI)
Principal component 1
Principal component 2
MODIS vegetation indices 16-Day data product sourced from the NASA EOS data gateway; Principal component analysis of 3 years of 16-day composites. MODIS EVI data summarized within 5 km moving window