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Conservation ecology and biodiversity research

Section edited by Josef Settele

This section considers studies into the conservation of species or ecosystems alongside research into the biodiversity of plants, animals and microbes.

Page 1 of 2

  1. Content type: Research article

    Intensively cultivated agricultural landscapes often suffer from substantial pollinator losses, which may be leading to decreasing pollination services for crops and wild flowering plants. Conservation measure...

    Authors: Constanze Buhk, Rainer Oppermann, Arno Schanowski, Richard Bleil, Julian Lüdemann and Christian Maus

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:55

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Fungal endophytes are the living symbionts which cause no apparent damage to the host tissue. The distribution pattern of these endophytes within a host plant is mediated by environmental factors. This study w...

    Authors: Riyaz Ahmad Rather, Vijayalakshmi Srinivasan and Mumtaz Anwar

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:52

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Phytoplankton species identification and counting is a crucial step of water quality assessment. Especially drinking water reservoirs, bathing and ballast water need to be regularly monitored for harmful speci...

    Authors: Susanne Dunker, David Boho, Jana Wäldchen and Patrick Mäder

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:51

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Old-growth and primeval forests are passing through a natural development cycle with recurring stages of forest development. Several methods for assigning patches of different structure and size to forest deve...

    Authors: Jonas Glatthorn, Eike Feldmann, Vath Tabaku, Christoph Leuschner and Peter Meyer

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:47

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the relationship between great apes and their habitat is essential for the development of successful conservation strategies. The chimpanzee Pan troglodytes ellioti is endemic to Nigeria and Cameroo...

    Authors: Serge Alexis Kamgang, Kadiri Serge Bobo, Fiona Maisels, Ruffin Dupleix Delarue Ambahe, Désiré Edgar Ambassa Ongono, Mary Katherine Gonder, Paul Johnson, Jorgelina Marino and Brice Sinsin

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:40

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Predicting the patterns of range expansion of alien species is central to develop effective strategies for managing potential biological invasions. Here, we present a study on the potential distribution of the...

    Authors: Carlo Polidori, Marcella Nucifora and David Sánchez-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:36

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Biotic interactions are ubiquitous and require information from ecology, evolutionary biology, and functional genetics in order to be understood. However, study systems that are amenable to investigations acro...

    Authors: Gavin C. Woodruff and Patrick C. Phillips

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:26

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The exotic fish Poecilia reticulata is promoted in the tropics as a biological control agent for aquatic pathogenic carriers, such as mosquitoes. Such control measures are often adopted blindly, ignoring the pote...

    Authors: G. K. Achini W. Fernando, Sevvandi Jayakody, W. M. Hiranya K. Wijenayake, Gawrie N. L. Galappaththy, Mangala Yatawara and Jeevanie Harishchandra

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:25

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The Spanish slug (Arion vulgaris, also known as A. lusitanicus) is considered one of the most invasive species in agriculture, horticulture and private gardens all over Europe. Although this slug has been problem...

    Authors: Daniel Dörler, Matthias Kropf, Gregor Laaha and Johann G. Zaller

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:23

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  10. Content type: Correspondence

    We challenge the oft-repeated claim that the beetles (Coleoptera) are the most species-rich order of animals. Instead, we assert that another order of insects, the Hymenoptera, is more speciose, due in large p...

    Authors: Andrew A. Forbes, Robin K. Bagley, Marc A. Beer, Alaine C. Hippee and Heather A. Widmayer

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:21

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The effects of grazing on soil methane (CH4) uptake in steppe ecosystems are important for understanding carbon sequestration and cycling because the role of grassland soil for CH4 uptake can have major impacts a...

    Authors: Shiming Tang, Yujuan Zhang, Xiajie Zhai, Andreas Wilkes, Chengjie Wang and Kun Wang

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:11

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  12. Content type: Research Article

    Mixed forests are believed to enhance ecosystem functioning and sustainability due to complementary resource use, environmental benefits and improved soil properties. The facilitation between different species...

    Authors: Weiwei Shu, Xiaoxiao Shen, Pifeng Lei, Wenhua Xiang, Shuai Ouyang and Wende Yan

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:9

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  13. Content type: Research Article

    Camellia nitidissima, a rare and endangered shrub is narrowly distributed in South China and North Vietnam occurring in forest understory. Their light tolerance mechanism is unclear. We measured photosynthesis an...

    Authors: Shengfeng Chai, Jianmin Tang, Azim Mallik, Yancai Shi, Rong Zou, Jitao Li and Xiao Wei

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:5

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  14. Content type: Research Article

    A crucial step in conserving biodiversity is to identify the distributions of threatened species and the factors associated with species threat status. In the biodiversity hotspot of the Himalaya, very little ...

    Authors: Prakash Kumar Paudel, Jan Sipos and Jedediah F. Brodie

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:6

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  15. Content type: Research Article

    Understanding the effects of habitat modification on the feeding strategies of threatened species is essential to designing effective conservation management plans. Bale monkeys (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) are en...

    Authors: Addisu Mekonnen, Peter J. Fashing, Afework Bekele, R. Adriana Hernandez-Aguilar, Eli K. Rueness and Nils Chr. Stenseth

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2018 18:4

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    Endozoochory is, in grazing systems, a substantial vector for seed dispersal. It can play an important role in vegetation dynamics, especially in colonization processes through seed input on the vegetation and...

    Authors: Julia Tabea Treitler, Tim Drissen, Robin Stadtmann, Stefan Zerbe and Jasmin Mantilla-Contreras

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:42

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Carnivores are re-establishing in many human-populated areas, where their presence is often contentious. Reaching consensus on management decisions is often hampered by a dispute over the size of the local car...

    Authors: Hanna Granroth-Wilding, Craig Primmer, Meri Lindqvist, Jenni Poutanen, Olaf Thalmann, Jouni Aspi, Jenni Harmoinen, Ilpo Kojola and Toni Laaksonen

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:44

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  18. Content type: Research Article

    The drivers of species co-existence in local communities are especially enigmatic for assemblages of morphologically cryptic species. Here we characterize the colonization dynamics and abundance of nine specie...

    Authors: Céline Ferrari, Romain Salle, Nicolas Callemeyn-Torre, Richard Jovelin, Asher D. Cutter and Christian Braendle

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:43

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  19. Content type: Research Article

    Invasive ecosystem engineers can facilitate their invasions by modifying the physical environment to improve their own performance, but this positive feedback process has rarely been tested empirically except ...

    Authors: Shota Nishijima, Chisato Nishikawa and Tadashi Miyashita

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:37

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  20. Content type: Research Article

    The castor bean tick (Ixodes ricinus) transmits infectious diseases such as Lyme borreliosis, which constitutes an important ecosystem disservice. Despite many local studies, a comprehensive understanding of the ...

    Authors: Steffen Ehrmann, Jaan Liira, Stefanie Gärtner, Karin Hansen, Jörg Brunet, Sara A. O. Cousins, Marc Deconchat, Guillaume Decocq, Pieter De Frenne, Pallieter De Smedt, Martin Diekmann, Emilie Gallet-Moron, Annette Kolb, Jonathan Lenoir, Jessica Lindgren, Tobias Naaf…

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:31

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  21. Content type: Research Article

    Long-distance migratory birds in North America have undergone precipitous declines over the past half-century. Although the trend is clear, for many migrating species underpinning the exact causes poses a chal...

    Authors: Andrew C. Huang, Christine A. Bishop, René McKibbin, Anna Drake and David J. Green

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:29

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  22. Content type: Research Article

    Species richness affects processes and functions in many ecosystems. Since management of temperate grasslands is directly affecting species composition and richness, it can indirectly govern how systems respon...

    Authors: Carsten F. Dormann, Lars von Riedmatten and Michael Scherer-Lorenzen

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:23

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Human food subsidies can provide predictable food sources in large quantities for wildlife species worldwide. In the boreal forest of Fennoscandia, gut piles from moose (Alces alces) harvest provide a potentially...

    Authors: Gjermund Gomo, Jenny Mattisson, Bjørn Roar Hagen, Pål Fossland Moa and Tomas Willebrand

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:22

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    Habitat fragmentation is considered to be a main reason for decreasing genetic diversity of plant species. However, the results of many fragmentation studies are inconsistent. This may be due to the influence ...

    Authors: Christoph Reisch, Sonja Schmidkonz, Katrin Meier, Quirin Schöpplein, Carina Meyer, Christian Hums, Christina Putz and Christoph Schmid

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:19

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  25. Content type: Research Article

    Rodents of the genus Rattus are among the most pervasive and successful invasive species, causing major vicissitudes in native ecological communities. A broad and flexible generalist diet has been suggested as ke...

    Authors: Melanie Dammhahn, Toky M. Randriamoria and Steven M. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:16

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  26. Content type: Research Article

    Establishing populations in ecologically marginal habitats may require substantial phenotypic changes that come about through phenotypic plasticity, local adaptation, or both. West-Eberhard’s “plasticity-first...

    Authors: Daniel Johansson, Ricardo T. Pereyra, Marina Rafajlović and Kerstin Johannesson

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:14

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Plant-parasitic nematodes (PPN) are major crop pests. On olive (Olea europaea), they significantly contribute to economic losses in the top-ten olive producing countries in the world especially in nurseries and u...

    Authors: Nadine Ali, Johannes Tavoillot, Guillaume Besnard, Bouchaib Khadari, Ewa Dmowska, Grażyna Winiszewska, Odile Fossati-Gaschignard, Mohammed Ater, Mohamed Aït Hamza, Abdelhamid El Mousadik, Aïcha El Oualkadi, Abdelmajid Moukhli, Laila Essalouh, Ahmed El Bakkali, Elodie Chapuis and Thierry Mateille

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2017 17:4

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Conifer populations appear disproportionately threatened by global change. Most examples are, however, drawn from the northern hemisphere and long-term rates of population decline are not well documented as hi...

    Authors: J. D. M. White, S. L. Jack, M. T. Hoffman, J. Puttick, D. Bonora, V. Visser and E. C. February

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:53

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Nepal provides habitat for approximately 100–125 wild Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Although a small proportion of the world population of this species, this group is important for maintaining the genetic di...

    Authors: Raj Kumar Koirala, David Raubenheimer, Achyut Aryal, Mitra Lal Pathak and Weihong Ji

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:54

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Ecology 2016 16:56

  30. Content type: Software

    Making forecasts about biodiversity and giving support to policy relies increasingly on large collections of data held electronically, and on substantial computational capability and capacity to analyse, model...

    Authors: Alex R. Hardisty, Finn Bacall, Niall Beard, Maria-Paula Balcázar-Vargas, Bachir Balech, Zoltán Barcza, Sarah J. Bourlat, Renato De Giovanni, Yde de Jong, Francesca De Leo, Laura Dobor, Giacinto Donvito, Donal Fellows, Antonio Fernandez Guerra, Nuno Ferreira, Yuliya Fetyukova…

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:49

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The grey partridge (Perdix perdix) and the common pheasant (Phasianus colchicus) are galliform birds typical of arable lands in Central Europe and exhibit a partly dramatic negative population trend. In order to ...

    Authors: Katrin Ronnenberg, Egbert Strauß and Ursula Siebert

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:39

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The western burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) occurs throughout western North America in various habitats such as desert, short-grass prairie and shrub-steppe, among others, where the main threat for th...

    Authors: Gabriel Ruiz Ayma, Alina Olalla Kerstupp, Alberto Macías Duarte, Antonio Guzmán Velasco and José I. González Rojas

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:38

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Seed dressing with pesticides is widely used to protect crop seeds from pest insects and fungal diseases. While there is mounting evidence that especially neonicotinoid seed dressings detrimentally affect inse...

    Authors: Johann G. Zaller, Nina König, Alexandra Tiefenbacher, Yoko Muraoka, Pascal Querner, Andreas Ratzenböck, Michael Bonkowski and Robert Koller

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:37

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Speciality rice, in general, and aromatic rice in particular, possess enormous market potential for enhancing farm profits. However, systematic characterization of the diversity present in this natural wealth ...

    Authors: Pritesh Sundar Roy, Rashmita Samal, Gundimeda Jwala Narasimha Rao, Sasank Sekhar Chyau Patnaik, Nitiprasad Namdeorao Jambhulkar, Ashok Patnaik and Trilochan Mohapatra

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:36

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  35. Content type: Research article

    One of the central issues in microbial ecology is to understand the parameters that drive diversity. Among these parameters, size has often been considered to be the main driver in many different ecosystems. S...

    Authors: Jean-Jacques Godon, Pugazhendi Arulazhagan, Jean-Philippe Steyer and Jérôme Hamelin

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:12

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  36. Content type: Research

    At the forefront of ecosystems adversely affected by climate change, coral reefs are sensitive to anomalously high temperatures which disassociate (bleaching) photosynthetic symbionts (Symbiodinium) from coral ho...

    Authors: Timothy D. Swain, Emily DuBois, Andrew Gomes, Valentina P. Stoyneva, Andrew J. Radosevich, Jillian Henss, Michelle E. Wagner, Justin Derbas, Hannah W. Grooms, Elizabeth M. Velazquez, Joshua Traub, Brian J. Kennedy, Arabela A. Grigorescu, Mark W. Westneat, Kevin Sanborn, Shoshana Levine…

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2016 16:10

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  37. Content type: Methodology article

    Meta-barcoding of mixed pollen samples constitutes a suitable alternative to conventional pollen identification via light microscopy. Current approaches however have limitations in practicability due to low sa...

    Authors: Wiebke Sickel, Markus J Ankenbrand, Gudrun Grimmer, Andrea Holzschuh, Stephan Härtel, Jonathan Lanzen, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter and Alexander Keller

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2015 15:20

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  38. Content type: Research article

    A remarkable range of environmental conditions is present in the Hawaiian Islands due to their gradients of elevation, rainfall and island age. Despite being well known as a location for the study of evolution...

    Authors: Alison R Sherwood, Amy L Carlile, Jessica M Neumann, J Patrick Kociolek, Jeffrey R Johansen, Rex L Lowe, Kimberly Y Conklin and Gernot G Presting

    Citation: BMC Ecology 2014 14:28

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