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Table 4 Soil biological and physicochemical attributes (Mean ± SE) across the five land uses

From: Transition of Ethiopian highland forests to agriculture-dominated landscapes shifts the soil microbial community composition

Land use AMF-SD SAS Soil pH SOC TSN NaHCO3 Mo-P NaOH Mo-P
Cropland 74.46 ± 9.17bc 42.52 ± 3.42a 6.61 ± 0.06ab 1.96 ± 0.21a 0.16 ± 0.01a 17.84 ± 2.66b 121.98 ± 26.74b
Grassland 37.8 ± 8.17a 64.37 ± 4.70b 6.74 ± 0.04ab 3.04 ± 0.34b 0.25 ± 0.03b 14.16 ± 3.38b 82.21 ± 25.20ab
Exclosure 85.63 ± 6.31bc 70.35 ± 5.22bc 6.97 ± 0.12b 3.87 ± 0.39bc 0.31 ± 0.02bc 4.57 ± 0.59a 25.84 ± 2.30a
Eucalyptus 74.17 ± 5.42b 83.82 ± 1.25c 6.38 ± 0.13a 4.35 ± 0.61bc 0.27 ± 0.03b 15.20 ± 4.54ab 44.64 ± 3.24ab
Natural forest 123.86 ± 20.76c 62.99 ± 6.70b 6.93 ± 0.11b 8.22 ± 1.59c 0.65 ± 0.13c 58.46 ± 12.01c 127.48 ± 14.83b
  1. Different letters indicate significant differences (P < 0.05)
  2. AMF-SD: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spore density; SAS: soil aggregate stability; C: soil organic carbon; N: total soil nitrogen; Labile P: molybdate-reactive bicarbonate-extractable P; moderately labile P: molybdate reactive hydroxide-extractable P