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Table 1 Conditional probabilities of fox sightings in Vienna from 2010 to 2015 for all land use classes with a positive association with fox sightings with \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\) > 0.27

From: Fox sightings in a city are related to certain land use classes and sociodemographics: results from a citizen science project

Land use class \(P\left( {E \cap B_{j} } \right)\) \(P\left( {B_{j} } \right)\) \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\)
Zoo 0.0003 0.0004 0.892
Pond 0.0003 0.0004 0.647
Leafy property line 0.0003 0.0005 0.555
Park 0.013 0.023 0.544
Square 0.0007 0.001 0.520
Court garden 0.003 0.007 0.503
Flowerbed 0.0007 0.001 0.487
Not developed property (garden) 0.0007 0.002 0.45
Back garden 0.003 0.008 0.45
Terrace, roof garden 0.0001 0.0003 0.419
Detached house garden 0.049 0.118 0.417
Allotment 0.011 0.026 0.416
Parking space 0.0004 0.001 0.406
Grove 0.002 0.005 0.382
Single trees 0.002 0.005 0.382
Green area in residential neighbourhood 0.029 0.08 0.364
Other land uses 0.003 0.007 0.36
Tree line 0.007 0.02 0.358
Council housing patio 0.0004 0.001 0.352
Alley 0.004 0.012 0.35
Other sealed area 0.0005 0.001 0.346
Roof area 0.0002 0.0005 0.345
Courtyard 0.003 0.007 0.345
Roads 0.016 0.048 0.334
Recreation area 0.007 0.021 0.319
Yard 0.017 0.055 0.311
Vineyard 0.006 0.021 0.305
Traffic island 0.004 0.012 0.287
  1. Land use classes in descending order of \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\); the higher \(P\left( {{\text{E|B}}_{\text{j}} } \right)\), the higher the probability of a fox sighting \(P\left( {E \cap B_{j} } \right)\) is the relative frequency of fox sightings in land use class \(B_{j}\), \(P\left( {B_{j} } \right)\) is its share in the study area