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Table 1 Soil physical and chemical properties under different grazing management systems in Chepareria, Kenya

From: Enhancing soil organic carbon, particulate organic carbon and microbial biomass in semi-arid rangeland using pasture enclosures

Grazing system Soil depth (cm) pH CEC Sand Silt Clay Moisture content BD
Cmol kg−1 % g cm−3
GDE 0–10 6.1 ± 0.55 8.0 ± 1.03 78.7 ± 2.61 5.4 ± 1.62 13.6 ± 1.17 6.79 ± 2.27bc 1.39 ± 0.10bc
10–20 6.1 ± 0.30 8.3 ± 0.93 77.8 ± 2.52 5.7 ± 2.37 14.2 ± 1.09 7.28 ± 2.29abc 1.37 ± 0.05c
20–40 6.0 ± 0.34 9.1 ± 0.78 78.2 ± 2.52 6.0 ± 2.00 14.0 ± 1.15 8.16 ± 2.23ab 1.36 ± 0.06c
CGE 0–10 6.2 ± 0.22 8.2 ± 0.75 81.3 ± 1.29 7.8 ± 1.60 13.4 ± 1.21 6.32 ± 2.76c 1.42 ± 0.10abc
10–20 6.0 ± 0.61 8.7 ± 0.95 80.6 ± 1.57 8.0 ± 2.23 13.7 ± 1.16 6.83 ± 2.68bc 1.46 ± 0.10ab
20–40 6.2 ± 0.24 8.6 ± 1.16 80.6 ± 1.60 7.7 ± 2.88 13.4 ± 1.18 8.51 ± 2.44a 1.45 ± 0.05ab
OGR 0–10 6.3 ± 0.27 9.0 ± 0.92 79.5 ± 1.61 6.8 ± 1.88 13.8 ± 1.29 5.85 ± 2.51c 1.49 ± 0.05a
10–20 5.2 ± 0.56 8.6 ± 0.95 78. 9 ± 1.57 7.3 ± 2.09 13.7 ± 1.30 6.38 ± 2.55c 1.47 ± 0.06a
20–40 5.0 ± 0.24 8.7 ± 0.90 78.7 ± 1.48 7.2 ± 1.75 13.9 ± 1.17 6.78 ± 2.22bc 1.47 ± 0.06a
LSD0.05   NS NS NS NS NS 1.13 0.07
cv%   6.6 10.7 2.4 31.8 8.7 15 5.2
P-value   0.13 0.56 0.16 0.08 0.168 0.01 < 0.001
  1. Values are mean ± SD (n = 9). Different lowercase letters within the same column indicate significant differences between means at P ≤ 0.05
  2. NS not significant, GDE grazing dominated enclosure, CGE contractual grazing enclosure, OGR open grazing rangeland, CV% coefficient of variation