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Table 5 Percentage of feeding time devoted to different food items and bamboo species by Bale monkeys, bamboo lemurs and other bamboo-eating primates

From: Dietary flexibility of Bale monkeys (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) in southern Ethiopia: effects of habitat degradation and life in fragments

Species Study length (month) YL ML SH GRB TL ST FL FR S TF AP OS Bamboo No. of species Habitat Site, Country Reference
Chlorocebus djamdjamensis (CA) 12 60.7 0,5 19.7 0.7 81.7 0.9 6.0 7.5 0.0 7.5 2.4 1.6 79.4b 12 Montane bamboo forest, CF Odobullu, Ethiopia This study
C. djamdjamensis (CB) 12 67.3 0.4 17.6 0.6 86.0 1.7 4.5 5.4 0.0 5.4 1.5 0.9 83.1b 8 Montane bamboo forest, CF Odobullu, Ethiopia This study
C. djamdjamensis (PF) 12 37.7 0.0 14.3 7.8 59.2 7.2 1.0 21.6 6.1 27.2 3.3 1.6 30.2b 47 Fragmented forest, FF Kokosa, Ethiopia This study
C. djamdjamensis (HF) 12 17.1 0.1 0.3 17.7 35.2 18.5 2.6 21.0 0.5 21.5 13.7 8.63 1.6b 35 Fragmented montane forest FF Afursa, Ethiopia This study
C. djamdjamensis 8 79.3 1.1 1.5 0.9 82.8 1.4 3.1 9.6 9.6 2.3 0.9 76.7b 11 Montane bamboo forest, CF Odobullu, Ethiopia Mekonnen et al. [54]
Cercopithecus mitis kandti a 8 44.0 0.1 0.0 44.1 3.4 14.8 22.5 22.5 14.3 1.1 52.4b 16 Montane bamboo forest Mgahinga, Uganda Twinomugisha et al. [100]
Hapalemur aureus 24 0.0 91 4 4 5 78c ≥21 Submontane rain forest Ranomafana, Madagascar Tan [26]
H. griseus 13 0.3 6.3 89.1 0.0 95.7 0.4 1.2 1.2 2.7 89.1c 12 Domain forest Ranomafana, Madagascar Overdorff et al. [108]
H. griseus 24 92 5 5 3 72c ≥ 24 Submontane rain forest Ranomafana, Madagascar Tan [26]
H. meridionalis (n = 3) 12 8.8 0.0 0.0 34.3 43.1 23.9 12.8 18.6 0.0 18.6   1.6 0.0 72 Fragmented littoral forest Mandena, Madagascar Eppley et al. [45]
Prolemur simus 24 98 0.5 0.5 1.5 95c 7 Submontane rain forest Ranomafana, Madagascar Tan [26]
Macaca assamensis 12 75.5 1.8 0.0 77.3 1.3 20.1 0.1 20.2 1.3 71.2d 78 Limestone seasonal rain forest Nonggang, China Huang et al. [96]
M. assamensis 12 74.1 3.3 0.0 77.4 2.7 17.4 17.4 2.5 48.7d 69 Limestone seasonal rain forest Nonggang, China Zhou et al. [68]
  1. YL young leaves, ML mature leaves, SH shoots, GRB grass blades, TL total leaves, ST stems, PT petioles, FL flowers, FR fruits, S seeds, TF total fruits, AP animal prey, OS other
  2. aFrom Table 1 in Twinomugisha et al. [100], we took the average of the values for groups G and N during Time 1 (January–September 1998) and then averaged that value with the value for Time 2 (January–August 2003)
  3. b Arundinaria alpina
  4. c Cathariostachys madagascariensis
  5. d Several bamboo species