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Table 1 Study region overview with average intraspecific trait variation levels

From: Biotic and abiotic drivers of intraspecific trait variation within plant populations of three herbaceous plant species along a latitudinal gradient

Study region (nearest city) Amiens Ghent Potsdam Bremen Lund Stockholm Trondheim Umeå Abisko Total
Latitude (°N) 49.9 51.1 52.4 53.1 55.7 59.3 63.4 63.8 68.4  
Longitude (°E) 2.3 3.7 13.1 8.8 13.2 18.1 10.4 20.3 18.8  
MAP (mm) 634 754 566 732 653 527 884 572 387  
GDH A. nemorosa (103 h) 12.29 10.72 9.71 9.77 8.00 10.28 7.66  
GDH M. effusum (103 h) 16.55 17.92 18.27 16.50 15.17 11.68 11.99  
GDH I. glandulifera (103 h) 47.41 47.24 42.29 38.35 39.30 31.71  
Anemone nemorosa # pops 6 5 6 6 3 6 0 5 0 37
Plant height CV 16.8 13.5 12.4 11.6 10.4 13.4 14.1 13.5
Seed mass CV 25.8 26.2 22.3 20.8 18.0 23.3 29.0 23.9
SLA CV 15.0 10.9 10.3 10.4 7.6 11.8 11.3 11.4
Leaf area CV 36.1 31.4 37.3 27.9 24.3 29.2 32.8 32.1
Milium effusum # pops 5 4 6 6 6 0 0 6 6 39
Plant height CV 22.4 18.1 14.3 14.5 12.0 10.8 11.0 14.3
Seed mass CV 23.6 20.9 26.8 16.9 17.6 19.9 22.7 21.2
SLA CV 11.6 9.3 12.3 7.3 9.2 13.0 20.2 12.0
Leaf area CV 30.6 27.7 27.6 22.2 21.9 21.9 33.3 26.3
Impatiens glandulifera # pops 6 6 0 5 6 5 6 0 0 34
Plant height CV 19.5 23.0 15.3 15.6 19.2 22.9 19.4
Seed mass CV 19.5 23.1 17.9 19.3 18.6 18.7 19.6
Leaf area CV 23.0 38.3 26.4 30.8 42.8 51.1 36.7
  1. Location, climatic characterization, number of sampled populations (# pops) and mean population level functional trait coefficients of variation (CV) within each study region
  2. GDH growing degree hours, MAP long-term mean annual precipitation, SLA specific leaf area