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Table 1 Mean values and standard deviations for variables describing soil properties, plant densities, and extent of elephant utilization in Mopane woodlands of northern Botswana.

From: The role of soil factors and leaf protein in the utilization of mopane plants by elephants in northern Botswana

  Mean Std
pH 6.6481 0.23
Nitrogen (kg/acre) 27.18 19.26
Phosphorus (kg/acre) 40.27 23.15
Potassium (kg/acre) 133.51 36.28
Silt (%) 8.82 4.52
Clay (%) 3.67 0.91
Shrub (No/100 m2) 12.26 9.98
Tree (No/100 m2) 0.60 0.44
New elephant damage   
(No of utilized mopane shrubs /100 m2) 1.40 0.93
Old elephant damage   
(No of utilized mopane shrubs /100 m2) 14.71 6.83
Protein in leaves (%) 11.45 0.93